I am currently pursuing a PhD at the University of Greenwich in London within the Centre for Business Network Analysis. I am primarily interested in better understanding how participants who are paid by firms collaborate within a fluid organization. This research focuses on proximity theory (Boschma, 2005) as a theoretical framework to understand intraorganizational collaboration, a network-based phenomenon, within fluid organizations using an open source software project, the Linux kernel, as the empirical setting with the individual participant as the unit of analysis.

The Linux kernel is a very large open source project with over 22 million lines of code and over 14,000 developers from over 1,300 firms (Corbet & Kroah-Hartman, 2016). While many people, and quite a bit of the existing research, tend to assume that many contributors are volunteers, in this community less than 8% of the contributions are made by unpaid software developers (Corbet & Kroah-Hartman, 2016). And, it is highly decentralized, so no one company is in control of the project, which makes it an interesting project to study the phenomenon of paid participants. Analysis includes qualitative interviews with Linux kernel developers along with network analysis using source code and mailing list data.

Academic Conference Presentations

Non-Academic Conference Presentations Related to my Research

The many other presentations not related to my academic research can be found on my speaking page.


Boschma, R., 2005. Proximity and Innovation: A Critical Assessment. Regional Studies, 39(1), pp.61–74.

Corbet, J., Kroah-Hartman, G. 2016. Linux Kernel Development: How Fast Is is Going, Who is Doing It, What They Are Doing and Who is Sponsoring the Work, Available at:

Open source, Linux kernel research, online communities and other stuff I'm interested in posting.